Panpsychism. Contemporary Perspectives

Godehard Brüntrup
Ludwig Jaskolla

Oxford University Press 2016. 414 Seiten

ISBN 978-0199359943

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Recent debates in philosophy of mind seemingly have resulted in an impasse. Reductive physicalism cannot account for the phenomenal mind, and nonreductive physicalism cannot safeguard a causal role for the mental as mental. Dualism was formerly considered to be the only viable alternative, but in addition to exacerbating the problem of mental causation, it is hard to square with a naturalist evolutionary framework.

By 1979, Thomas Nagel argued that if reductionism and dualism fail, and a non-reductionist form of strong emergence cannot be made intelligible, then panpsychism-the thesis that mental being is a fundamental and ubiquitous feature of the universe-might be a viable alternative. But it was not until David Chalmers' The Conscious Mind in 1996 that debates on panpsychism entered the philosophical mainstream. Since then the field has been growing rapidly, and some leading philosophers of mind as well as scientist have argued in favor of panpsychism.

This book features contemporary arguments for panpsychism as a genuine alternative in analytic philosophy of mind in the 21st century. Different varieties of panpsychism are represented and systematically related to each other in the volume's 16 essays, which feature not only proponents of panpsychism but also prominent critics from both the physicalist and non-physicalist camps.

Contributors: Godehard Brüntrup (Munich School of Philosophy), Ludwig Jaskolla (Munich School of Philosophy, David Chalmers (New York University), Galen Strawson (University of Texas at Austin), Yujin Nagasawa (University of Birmingham), Khai Wager (University of Birmingham), Berit Brogaard (University of Miami), Gregg Rosenberg, Barbara Gail Montero (City University of New York), William Seager (University of Toronto Scarborough), Sam Coleman (University of Hertfordshire), Philip Goff (Central European University), Brian McLaughlin (Rutgers University), Achim Stephan (Universität Osnabrück), Leopold Stubenberg (University of Notre Dame), Charles Taliaferro (St. Olaf College), Uwe Meixner (Universität Augsburg)